The United States has an anti-democratic tyrannical indirect minority rule
government due to having-
(1) one vote for each U.S. Representative in the U.S. House of Representatives regardless of the number of votes he or she receives in being elected,
(2) one vote for each U.S. Senator in the U.S. Senate regardless of the number of votes he or she receives in being elected, and
(3) the "Electoral College" with its state by state winner-take-all feature for electing the U.S. President and Vice-President.
In the 1994 election, 26.80 percent of the voters elected 218 of the 435 U.S. Representatives with the lowest votes.
In the 1990-1992-1994 elections, 10.58 percent of the voters elected 51 of the 100 U.S. Senators with the lowest votes.
In the 1992 election, the President and Vice-President were defacto elected by 22.56 percent of the voters (in 28 States and D.C. with 275 of 538 electoral votes) (those States and D.C. having a Clinton votes/electoral votes ratio of less than 98,858).
The remedy for the above ANTI- DEMOCRATIC and TYRANNICAL defects in the U.S. Constitution include the following DEMOCRACY reforms:
1- A uniform definition of U.S. Elector for directly nominating and electing
Representatives and the President,
2- The use of multi-member districts and proportional representation for electing U.S. Representatives (such that each Representative has a voting power equal to the number of votes he or she receives in the general election directly or transferred from losing candidates- producing indirect majority rule with minority representation in every district),
3- Abolition of the U.S. Senate, and
4- The direct nonpartisan nomination and election of the President and Vice-President.
1994 ELECTION FOR U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, SUMMARY GERRYMANDER MATH
REVISED 29 JULY 1995 PCT TV PCT OF 422 SEATS VOTES 422 SEATS PCT DIFF 422 WIN-199 D, 222 R, 1 I 44,958,984 64.43 422 100.00 35.57 218 LOW WIN-131 D, 86 R, 1 I 18,699,096 26.80 218 51.66 24.86 X = 218 LOW R WIN 24,703,431 35.40 218 51.66 16.34 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ---------- ALL 394 D CANDIDATES 31,675,180 45.39 199 47.16 1.76 ALL 410 R CANDIDATES 36,594,851 52.44 222 52.61 0.16 OTHER LOSER CANDIDATES 1,405,278 2.01 0 0.00 -2.01 VT AL WIN INDEPENDENT 105,502 0.15 1 0.24 0.09 TOTAL VOTES (TV)- 422 SEATS 69,780,811 100.00 422 100.00 0.00 [TABLE HAS 5 COLUMNS- VOTES, PCT TV, 422 SEATS, PCT OF 422 SEATS, PCT DIFF] TOTAL VOTERS AND NONVOTES FOR REP. NOT AVAILABLE. PRIMARY VOTES IN () NOT INCLUDED IN TOTALS. TOTAL ELECTED- 204 D, 230 R, 1 I; 28 ND, 12 NR WITH VOTES; 5 ND, 1 NR WITHOUT VOTES; 4 D, 3 R EP D-DEMOCRAT, R-REPUBLICAN, I-INDEPENDENT, EP- ELECTED IN PRIMARY, NY SCAT EXCLUDED ND-NO DEMOCRAT, NR-NO REPUBLICAN; D AND R VOTES INCLUDE THIRD PARTY VOTES DATA- STATISTICS OF THE CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION OF NOVEMBER 8,1994 (CLERK, U.S. HOUSE OF REPS.) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ---------- 1990-1992-1994 ELECTIONS FOR U.S. SENATE, SUMMARY GERRYMANDER MATH REVISED 29 JULY 1995 VOTES PCT TV 98 SEATS PCT OF 98 SEATS PCT DIFF 98 WIN (46 D, 52 R) 90,270,626 56.21 98 100.00 43.79 51 LOW WIN (21 D, 30 R) 16,996,256 10.58 51 52.04 41.46 X = LOW 51 R 39,594,041 24.65 51 52.04 27.39 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ALL 96 D CANDIDATES 77,531,167 48.28 46 46.94 -1.34 ALL 96 R CANDIDATES 77,338,510 48.16 52 53.06 4.90 OTHER CANDIDATES 5,724,889 3.56 0 0.00 -3.56 TOTAL VOTES (TV)- 98 SEATS 160,594,566 100.00 98 100.00 0.00 [TABLE HAS 5 COLUMNS- VOTES, PCT TV, 98 SEATS, PCT OF 98 SEATS, PCT DIFF] TOTAL VOTERS AND NONVOTES FOR SENATOR NOT AVAILABLE TOTAL ELECTED- 48 D, 52 R (2 ND, 2 NR, 2 EP) D- DEMOCRAT, R- REPUBLICAN, ND- NO DEMOCRAT, NR- NO REPUBLICAN EL YR- ELECTION YEAR, 19__, ST- STATE, EP- ELECTED IN PRIMARY D AND R VOTES INCLUDE THIRD PARTY VOTES 1990 DATA-STATISTICS OF THE CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION OF NOVEMBER 6,1990 1992 DATA-STATISTICS OF THE PRESIDENTIAL AND CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION OF NOVEMBER 3,1992 1994 DATA-STATISTICS OF THE CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION OF NOVEMBER 8,1994 ALL DATA FROM CLERK, U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES -----------------------------
9 Nov 1995 TO: ALL Defenders of Democracy From: DEMOREP1
RE: DEMOCRACY Amendment to the U.S. Constitution ( Proportional Representation (multi-member districts, majority rule and minority representation) in the U.S. House of Representatives and direct nomination and election of the President and Vice President)
Tyranny is coming to the U.S. Constitution unless Democracy comes very quickly to the U.S. Constitution.
Sec. 1. Regular Elections of the United States shall be held between 7 AM and 8 PM (local time) on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November of each even numbered Year.
Sec. 2. (a) Each Citizen of the United States who is or will be at least 18 years old as of the date of an Election of the United States and has registered in his or her Precinct of residence at least 28 days before an Election shall be an Elector of the United States and qualified to vote by Secret Ballot in person or by Absentee Ballot in any Election of the United States in such Precinct (except those lawfully convicted and imprisoned in jail). (b) Electors not having a residence in the United States shall be registered in the Seat of the Government of the United States.
Sec. 3. The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every even numbered Year by the Electors of the United States.
Sec. 4. Each Representative shall be at at least 25 years old, been 7 Years a Citizen of the United States, and be, when elected, an Inhabitant of the district in which he or she shall be chosen.
Sec. 5. Representatives shall be nominated and elected at partisan-independent Elections.
Sec. 6. (a) The United States shall be divided by law into at least 87 Representative districts at least 252 days before the Election involved. (b) As nearly as possible, each district shall be contiguous. (c) As nearly as possible, each district shall consist of one or more States and/or parts of not more than two States. (d) As nearly as possible, each State shall consist of one or more districts and/or parts of not more than two districts. (e) For purposes of this section, each part of the United States not within a State shall be deemed a State.
Sec. 7. (a) The name of any candidate for Representative shall only be placed on the Election ballots by a nominating petition which shall be filed at least 84 days before the Election and may not be withdrawn. (b) A petition shall be signed between 252 and 84 days, inclusive, before the Election by a number of Electors in the district equal to between 0.05 and 0.2 percent of the number of registered Electors in the district as of 252 days before the Election. (c) All candidates may have a 0.4 inch by 0.4 inch symbol of their choice shown next to their names on the ballots. (d) Partisan candidates shall have their political party's name (of not more than 15 letters) shown next to their names on the ballots and independent candidates shall have the word "Independent" shown next to their names on the ballots.
Sec. 8. (a) An Elector may vote for one or more Representative candidates on the ballot in a district (plus not more than 2 write-in votes) by voting for his or her first, second, third and so forth choices (by voting "1", "2", "3" and so forth on paper ballots and by voting in like manner in other voting systems). (b) If there are more than 5 candidates (or remaining candidates) in the district, then the candidate having the lowest number of votes shall be a losing candidate. (c) Each vote for a losing candidate shall be transferred to the Elector's next choice (if any) who is a remaining candidate in the district. (d) The two prior steps shall be repeated until there are 5 remaining candidates in the district who shall be elected. (e) A lottery shall be held if tie votes occur in any step. (f) Each Representative (or his or her replacement) shall have a voting power in the House of Representatives and its committees, in person or by written proxy, equal to the votes that the Member finally receives in the Election.
Sec. 9. A fractional part of the House of Representatives shall mean the Representatives whose combined voting powers equal or exceed such fractional part of the total voting powers of all Representatives.
Sec. 10. (a) A candidate for Representative or a Representative may file a written rank order list of persons to fill his or her vacancy. (b) The qualified person highest on the list shall fill the vacancy. (c) If there is no such person, then using Section 8 of this article a political party vacancy shall be filled by the political party's other candidates in all districts (or their agents) and an independent vacancy shall be filled by the other independent candidates in all districts (or their agents). (d) In filling a vacancy after an election a candidate (or agent) shall have a vote equal to the votes the candidate initially received in the election.
Sec. 11. For the purpose of electing Senators of the United States, all parts of the United States not within a State shall be deemed a part of the State with the highest population according to the most recent Census.
Sec. 12. The President and Vice President of the United States shall be jointly nominated and elected at nonpartisan Elections for a Term of four Years by the Electors of the United States in 1996 and each fourth Year thereafter.
Sec. 13. (a) The names of any pair of candidates for President and Vice President shall only be placed on the Election ballots by a nominating petition which shall be filed at least 84 days before the Election and may not be withdrawn. (b) A petition shall be signed between 252 and 84 days, inclusive, before the Election by a number of Electors of the United States equal to between 0.25 and 1 percent of the number of registered Electors in the United States as of 252 days before the Election. (c) Each pair of candidates may have a 0.4 inch by 0.4 inch symbol of their choice shown next to their names on the ballots.
Sec. 14. (a) An Elector may vote for one or more pairs of candidates for President and Vice President on the ballot (plus not more than 2 write-in votes). (b) The pair of candidates receiving the highest number of votes shall be elected. (c) A lottery shall be held if tie votes occur.
Sec. 15. (a) Any capitation or other direct Tax shall be apportioned among the several States and the other parts of the United States according to a Census of their respective Numbers, excluding Indians not taxed. (b) A Census shall be made within every ten Years.
Sec. 16. If the right to vote at any election for Senator or the elective Legislative, Executive and Judicial officers of a State is denied to any of the inhabitants of such State being at least 18 years of age and citizens of the United States or in any way abridged (except for lawful conviction for rebellion or other crime and are lawfully in jail), then the voting power of such State in the House of Representatives shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such citizens shall bear to the whole number of citizens at least 18 years of age in such State.
Sec. 17. The Congress and the several States shall have concurrent power to enforce this article by appropriate uniform legislation.
Sec. 18. (a) This amendment shall take effect between noon on the 20th day of January following an election for President and Vice President and at least 266 days before an Election for Representatives at which time the following shall be repealed- in Article I, Section 2, Clauses 1, 2, 3 and 4; Article I, Section 9, Clause 4; in Article II, Section 1, the second sentence of Clause 1 and Clauses 2, 3 and 4; the 12th article of amendment; in the 14th article of amendment, Section 2; in the 20th article of amendment, Sections 4, 5 and 6; the 23rd article of amendment; and in the 24th article of amendment, the words ", for President and Vice President, for electors for President and Vice President, or" and the words "or Representative in Congress,". (b) Each Representative shall have one vote in the House of Representatives until his or her successor takes office at which time this section shall expire.
---------------------- Section 8 Example (not part of Amendment) C = Candidates Voting Power C1 22 = 22 = 23 C2 20 = 20 + 5 = 25 C3 15 = 15 + 3 = 18 C4 12 + 5 = 17 = 17 C5 12 + 1 = 13 -13 = 0 C6 11 + 3 = 14 + 2 = 16 C7 9 - 9 = 0 = 0 VNT 0 = 0 +2 = 2 100 100 100 C7 Loses C5 Loses
VNT= Votes not transferred
Notes- 1. With the section 8 proportional representation system it is not necessary to have districts with equal populations (i.e. use square/ rectangular districts with "major" boundaries) or to have primary elections. 2. The section 14 system is "approval voting" (which will avoid "extremist" candidates). No primary election is necessary.